Dynamic alignment in prosthetic fitting is important because it affects the user’s stability, kinematics, and kinetics such as socket reaction moments. It is performed by tuning the spatial relationship between the transtibial prosthetic socket and the foot following sequential observational gait analysis in the three anatomical planes. However, the order of planes in which the adjustment should be performed is still unclear. To investigate the appropriate sequence of dynamic alignment adjustment, ten participants with transtibial amputation were asked to walk in different alignment conditions (flexion, extension, adduction, abduction; lateral, medial, anterior, and posterior translation of the socket, and plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, inversion, and eversion of the foot) to measure socket reaction moments in the out-of-planes (e.g., the effect of sagittal alignment on the coronal moment). A significant difference was found only among socket posterior translation, socket flexion, and baseline alignment in the coronal moment (P = 0.02). The results of the current and previous studies suggest that moments in the coronal plane are affected by alignment changes in all three planes, whereas moments in the sagittal plane are affected only by sagittal alignment changes. It is suggested that the procedure of alignment adjustments should be finalized in the coronal plane.
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